According to the accessiBe, around 15% of the world’s population has some form of disability. That’s a lot of people! And businesses should be doing everything they can to make their websites accessible to everyone. This article will discuss five best practices for targeted website accessibility for the disabled.
Use High Contrast Colors
Companies must use high contrast colors if they want the website accessible for people with color-blindness. Also, they can use CSS to adjust font weights or sizes so that everything is larger or bolder and, therefore, easier to read.
Make it Readable
Use a minimum 14px sans serif font, with a minimum 180px line-height. Also, use plenty of padding around the text to make it clear and legible.
Provide Captions for Images
People who are blind can still understand images, so companies should provide captions to explain what’s happening in pictures for websites that are accessible for the disabled. Also, photos should have alternative text that describes the image in detail.
Use Clear and Simple Language
People with disabilities should understand text much easier than what’s written by non-disabled people. So companies should use clear and simple language and avoid abbreviations and slang words.
Use Easy to Access Navigation
People with disabilities should be able to access all parts of a website, and there should never be any hidden areas that are not accessible. That is why companies must provide clear navigation that is easy to find and use.
Use Appropriate Font Size
People with disabilities should not have difficulty reading pages of a website. However, to make the experience smooth and easy, companies should use large font sizes that are legible from a distance and up close.
Use Appropriate Audio and Video
Audio and video files should not contain autoplay because they can disturb people with autism or who are deaf. Also, companies must provide captions or transcripts on audio and video content accessible for disabled people.
Test for Accessibility
A website must be thoroughly tested to ensure that it is accessible for disabled people. Companies should use the following steps, an automated accessibility tool and user testers who are disabled to make sure their websites are accessible for everyone.
- Check Design – Make sure design elements do not use colors or fonts popular for people with color-blindness.
- Check Content – Make sure all content is easy to read and understand, using simple language to comprehend.
- Check Navigation – Ensure the website’s navigation structure makes sense, so users can easily find what they are looking for on the page.
- Check For Audio/Video – Always provide transcripts for Audio/Video files to make sure they are accessible.
- Check For Mobile Accessibility – Make sure the website is accessible on mobile devices since people with disabilities tend to use smartphones and tablets more than average users.
To make sure that their websites are accessible for disabled people, companies must use high contrasting colors, make text readable with large fonts and enough spacing, provide captions on pictures, use easy-to-find navigation, avoid cluttered pages and information overload, keep the language simple but still professional, test thoroughly to ensure there are no issues.