How to invest in emerging market index funds?

Emerging market index funds can be a great way to diversify your investment portfolio and take advantage of higher growth rates found in emerging economies like China, India, Brazil and Russia. These funds tend to invest in stocks from various developing economies such as these three nations as well as others like them such as Malaysia. Read on to know more about their benefits as well as the risks involved and offer step-by-step guides on how you can purchase them.

 Benefits of investing in emerging market index funds

 Diversification: By spreading risk among different countries and sectors, emerging market index funds provide the means to diversify your portfolio more evenly than relying solely on one market for your portfolio’s returns.

Lower correlation: Emerging market stocks typically show less correlation with developed market stocks, helping reduce overall portfolio volatility.

Greater cost-efficiency: These passively managed funds try to mimic the performance of an index, leading to reduced management fees and expenses when compared with actively managed funds.

Risks of investing in emerging market index funds

Higher volatility: Emerging market stocks tend to be more volatile than their developed market counterparts due to factors like political unrest, currency fluctuations and less developed financial markets.

Currency risk: Investing in foreign stocks exposes you to currency risk, as fluctuations in exchange rates could alter your returns significantly.

Geopolitical risk: Emerging markets may be vulnerable to geopolitical events like wars, civil unrest and political changes which threaten their stability and growth.

Liquidity risks: Emerging market stocks often feature lower trading volumes, making it more challenging to buy or sell shares at their desired prices.

How to invest in emerging market index funds?

Step 1: Research

Before investing in an emerging market index fund, it is vitally important to conduct a detailed investigation. Familiarize yourself with different indices that track emerging markets such as MSCI Emerging Markets Index, FTSE Emerging Markets Index or S&P Emerging Markets BMI before searching for index funds that mirror these indices.

Step 2: Assess your risk tolerance 

Emerging market index funds carry higher levels of risk compared to developed market index funds, so it is important to assess your individual risk tolerance and consider how an allocation to emerging markets fits within your overall investment strategy and financial goals. 

Step 3: Choose an emerging market index fund 

After you have researched emerging market index funds and assessed your risk tolerance, it is time to choose a fund. Look for a fund with a low expense ratio and a consistent track record of performance.

Step 4: Invest

 Once you have chosen a fund, you can invest in it through your brokerage account. Consider investing regularly to take advantage of rupee-cost averaging and avoid timing the market. Remember to monitor your investment and make adjustments as needed.


Emerging market index funds offer a great way to diversify your portfolio and potentially enjoy higher growth rates, but you should remain mindful of any associated risks, taking a disciplined approach in researching, selecting, and overseeing your investments.

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